One particular of the main factors militating against the progress sports in Nigeria today is lack of effective management. A lot of solutions are being proffered by concerned and devoted Nigerians daily to accord us your quagmire. One particular of such solutions is this text entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Operations and Management”. It is authored by Dr. Paul Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human being Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, College or university of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic specialist. I was the person invited by the publisher and the university to review the book when it was presented to the public on January 4, 2008 in Nigeria. NFL 2017 Draft
According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism around the globe that sport is currently a reference issue which can no longer be dismissed at various sectors of our economy and spheres of life. The writer adds that this textual content thus takes a critical check out topical issues in sports administration and management, dwelling on theories and principles of modern tendencies in sports administration and management such as authority, organisation, planning, motivation, and so forth.
The text contains of sixteen chapters. Chapter the first is christened “the concept of athletics management”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is an idea that implies different things to different people at different times, thus leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that management has been variously described as an artwork, a science, a person or people, a self-control and a procedure.
This kind of author expatiates that as an art, sports management is all about transporting out sports organisational functions and tasks through people; while as a research, sports management is approximately building sports philosophy, laws, hypotheses, principles, processes and techniques. As an organisation, regarding to him, sports management is defined as a means of developing formal constructions and an establishment established on a mission, goals, targets, functions and jobs.
Awoyinfa says as a person or population group, athletics management may consider the head alone or to all the senior personnel, committee, etc.; while as a discipline, management is an area of analysis with various subjects and topics. The author brightens up that sports management as a process is about a systematic way of doing things. Awoyinfa features management functions in sports activities administration as planning, arranging, staffing, directing/leading, controlling, balance, budgeting and evaluation. In whom a sports administrator is, this author trains that a sports administrator is anyone at any level of sport business who directs
the work of other people on the achievement of organisational goals sport-wise.
Chapter two is founded on the subject matter of evolution and trends of sports management thought. In this article, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports management dates back again to home buying when people first attempted to attain goals by working collectively in a group. In his words, “There was serious thinking and theorising about managing several years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of modern sports management thought. Major efforts to develop theories and principles of sports management commenced from the early twentieth (20th) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The professional revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century probably provided the climate for this very serious theorising. inches
Awoyinfa adds that since the turn of the 20th century, writers on sports management and business theory have been propounding different theories about how precisely to manage work and workers more proficiently and effectively. This author educates that the three main colleges of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioural; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports activities management theorists; principles and characteristics of scientific management; appraisal of the medical management theory, and so forth, in this part.
Chapter three is thematically labelled “principles of activities management”. In this part, the educational consultant talks about that sports principles are the basic laws which the practice of athletics management is built. This individual adds that management guidelines must therefore be established on general conditions for them to be suitable within sport organisations of varying sizes and persona. “Modern sports managers and administrators are expected to be able to identify and use appropriate rules that are relevant to particular situations. This is because no single rule can suit all management situations, ” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the primary principles of sports are those applicable to all sports organisations and because of this of their general acceptability, they are sometimes known to as “universal rules of sports management”. This kind of author expatiates that many of these principles are: responsibility; abordnung of authority and communication. As regards humanitarian rules of sports management, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, compassion, empathy, consideration and humbleness.
In chapter four based upon the concept of behavioural and motivational theories in sports organisation, the creator says human beings are unique creatures as they behave differently under different conditions and are mainly challenging to predict. Awoyinfa challenges that since human creatures constitute the main aspect in sports organisation, sports professionals need some understanding of why people behave in one way or the other, so that they (sports managers) can affect people to perform specifically the way sports firms find desirable.
One powerful instrument this author advises that may be used to elicit performance in athletes is motivation. In his words, “Motivation is something needed in athletics organisations to make employees perform.
Nevertheless , it has been an important and a puzzling subject for sports managers. ” Awoyinfa further discusses development of motivational concepts in activities organisation; application of mindset theories to sports management; methods of behaviour customization, etc., in this section.
In chapters five to ten, the author light beams his analytical searchlight on subject matters such as management techniques in athletics organisation; the concept of sports organisation; setting design in sports organisation; the concept of planning in sports administration; making activities organisations more effective in Nigeria and staffing in sports organisations.